Facts: On March 27, 2012, a Nebraska K-9 police officer pulled over a vehicle driven by Dennys Rodriguez after his vehicle veered onto the shoulder of the highway. The officer issued a written warning and then asked if he could walk the K-9 dog around Rodriguez's vehicle. Rodriguez refused, but the officer instructed him to exit the vehicle and then walked the dog around the vehicle. The dog alerted to the presence of drugs, and a large bag of methamphetamine was found. Rodriguez moved to suppress the evidence found in the search, claiming the dog search violated his Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable seizures. The district court denied the motion. On appeal, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit affirmed, holding the search was constitutional because the brief delay before employing the dog did not unreasonably prolong the otherwise lawful stop. Question: Is the use of a K-9 unit, after the conclusion of a traffic stop and without reasonable suspicion of criminal activity, a violation of the Fourth Amendment prohibition on unreasonable search and seizures? Conclusion: Yes. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg delivered the opinion for the 6-3 majority. The Court held that the use of a K-9 unit after the completion of an otherwise lawful traffic stop exceeded the time reasonably required to handle the matter and therefore violated the Fourth Amendment’s prohibition against unreasonable searches and seizures. Because the mission of the stop determines its allowable duration, the authority for the stop ends when the mission has been accomplished. The Court held that a seizure unrelated to the reason for the stop is lawful only so long as it does not measurably extend the stop’s duration. Although the use of a K-9 unit may cause only a small extension of the stop, it is not fairly characterized as connected to the mission of an ordinary traffic stop and is therefore unlawful. Justice Clarence Thomas wrote a dissent in which he argued that the use of a K-9 unit at the conclusion of an otherwise lawful traffic stop did not violate the Fourth Amendment as long as it was conducted reasonably, which this one was. Justice Thomas also argued that the rule announced in the majority’s opinion would result in arbitrary enforcement of Fourth Amendment protections and created artificial lines between common police practices at traffic stops. Additionally, there was no Fourth Amendment violation in this case because the police officer had a reasonable suspicion to continue to hold Rodriguez and use the K-9 unit. Justice Samuel A. Alito, Jr., and Justice Anthony M. Kennedy joined in the dissent. In his separate dissent, Justice Kennedy noted that the appellate court did not address the issue of whether the officer had a reasonable suspicion to use the K-9 unit, and that court should be allowed to do so. Justice Alito also wrote a separate dissent in which he argued that the majority opinion’s analysis was arbitrary because it relied on the order in which the officer conducted his inquiries. For more information about this case see: https://www.oyez.org/cases/2014/13-9972 Section 1: 00:00:05 PuppyJusticeAutomated videos are created by a program written by Adam Schwalm. This program is available on github here: https://github.com/ALSchwalm/PuppyJusticeAutomated The audio and transcript used in this video is provided by the Chicago-Kent College of Law under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License. See this link for details: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
United States Champion Santino Marella battles Intercontinental Champion Cody Rhodes on SmackDown.
Pastor Jack Hayford - First Conference 2016 - The Beauty of Spiritual Language Watch us live this weekend at http://www.gatewaypeople.tv http://gatewaypeople.com/ministries/life/events/first-conference/session/2016/01/03/first-conference-jack-hayford Search for: Pastor Jack Hayford - 01/03/2016 Sermon Series: First Conference 2016 Sermon Title: The Beauty of Spiritual Language If you would like to contact us for prayer go to pray.gatewaypeople.com
Sinopsis: Seis comunidades en defensa de los ríos. Decenas de defensores amenazados a muerte. Todos y todas unidos por el espíritu de la Guardiana de los ríos, Berta Cáceres, líder social y ambiental asesinada en marzo de 2016. Este documental nos traslada al interior de Honduras, uno de los países más peligrosos para defender los bienes naturales, gobernado por una idea de desarrollo extractivista que se enfrenta a la cosmovisión de los pueblos y no les permite decidir sobre su entorno. Una producción de Campaña Madre Tierra, nuestra casa común ¡defendámosla! impulsada por el ERIC, Radio Progreso y organizaciones populares de Honduras. Derechos compartidos, citando la fuente www.radioprogresohn.net
The Next New Wave of skateboarding is comprised of many parts, from the streets to the skateparks everyone who's willing to roll with the punches has a chance to be a part of the future of skateboarding. The thing is, we might not always know what we're doing, but that's alright. As long as we're calling up our friends and meeting up to skate, film projects and ultimately continue to do what we love, we're headed in the right direction. Because skateboarding involves motivation, and while it's true we should always look to ourselves for our drive to skate, we all know how skating with our friends pushes us as skateboarders, artists and people. There's no posse better suited to represent this dynamic of The Next New Wave than Brandon Biebel and the AMFD crew. AMFD to most of us stands for All-Motha-Fucking-Day, but the acronym means something different for Brandon Biebel: Ambition, Motivation, Focus and Determination. AMFD in a lot of ways takes us back to the days of the original Berrics, so we're hyped to get an invite to the sesh at the notorious Biebel Park to show you how these dudes kill it All-Motha-Fucking-Day, and why they are such a force in The Next New Wave. Subscribe to The Berrics - http://bit.ly/TheBerricsYoutube Watch More Next New Wave - http://bit.ly/NextNewWav The Berrics and The Skateboard Mag have partnered up to present the Next New Wave—the people, companies, and new projects to look out for in 2016. Throughout the next month, we will be releasing video parts, profiles, and product featuring... Kevin Kowalski, WKND, Michael Sommer, Liam McCabe, The Quiet Life, Jamie Foy, Thomas Dritsas, Everybody Skates, Ish Cepeda, Metrogram, Lucas Xaparral, Dashawn Jordan, Denny Pham, Diego Johnson, Fact, Dalton Dern, Old Friends, Kevin Scott, Bluetown, Justin Damer, Timmy Johnson, Matt Fisher, Diamond Footwear, Yuto Horigome, SOVRN, Frankie Heck, Maurio McCoy, Tyson Peterson, and Zion Wright Daily Videos and more: http://theberrics.com Like The Berrics on Facebook: http://fb.com/berrics Follow The Berrics on Instagram: http://instagram.com/berrics Follow The Berrics on Twitter: http://twitter.com/berrics Follow The Berrics on Snapchat: @TheBerrics